The Indonesian government has strongly commitment for achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), which is decreasing the amount of people who do not have an access to safe water and basic sanitation at 50% in 2015. Based on the LawNo.32/2004 concerning Local Government and Law No.33/2004 concerning the Financial Balance between Central and Regional government, then regional government is fully responsible to provide basic services to community in their respective areas, including Drinking Water Supply and toilet sanitation facilities services . However, for regions with relatively large rural, poor population is relatively high and have low fiscal capacity, in general, their ability is very limited, so that it requires financial support to fund the investments required in order to increase the ability of services to community, whether for investment in the form physical facilities and infrastructure of SANIMAS, as well as non-physical investments which consist of management, technical things and human resource development. WSLIC-3/PAMSIMAS Program is one program of SANIMAS and real actions of government (central and regional) with World Bank support, to enhance Drinking Water Supply toilet sanitation facilities, and increase community health status, especially in reducing diarrheal diseases and other diseases transmitted through water and environment. The scope of activities WSLIC-III/PAMSIMAS Program covers five (5) project components which are:
- The Community Empowerment and Local Institutional Development;
- The Improvement of Health and Hygienic Behavior and Sanitation Service;
- The provision of Water Supply and Public Sanitation;
- Incentive for Village and District; and
- The Implementation Support and Project Management.
A Drinking Water Supply program , toilet sanitation facilities, and health will be effective and sustainable if based on community by involving the entire community (women, men, rich and poor) and conducted through the approach that responds towards community needs (demand responsive approach). The project which responsive to the needs mean that the project provides facilities and activities which community wishes, they are willing to contribute and fund, and to manage and maintain so that build a sense of ownership for managing the activities conducted voluntarily. It is necessary for community empowerment effort, so that society actively participated in preparing, implementing, operating and maintaining the constructed infrastructure, as well as continuing health improvement activities in community and school environment In order to implement the program of PAMSIMAS at the community level, so it is necessary to have manuals for the implementation of the principals / program managers which given the name “Good Practice Guidelines PAMSIMAS at Community Level.”